I believe we need to take an analytical approach to the problems we face. Now that we've established goals and seen solutions proposed by the Mises Institute, the President, and the House, let's look at where there are remaining gaps.
As an opponent of the increase in the size of government, I of course have many objections to current proposals. However, you can find those lists all over the place, so I would like to offer some suggestions solutions. Many of the solutions take an approach tied to the 10th Amendment. "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people." In many of our nation's issues, States can serve as separate experiments on differing solutions. This allows your state to choose the model that it desires without it's hand being forced by Washington.
Most of the government solutions revolve around solving the first problem, paying for the healthcare of the most unfortunate and most unhealthy. They attempt to do this by providing insurance for these groups, and most states have a program that already does this to an extent (Medicaid, SCHIP, etc.) However, it is without a doubt not within the Federal government's constitutional authority to do so.
Therefore, I suggest that the Federal government eliminate all such programs, allowing individual states to take action where they feel necessary. Additionally, proponents of the current legislation are suggesting that the government force the fortunate healthy to give up some of their income to the unfortunate unhealthy. I suggest that all who are passionate about this cause voluntarily give up some of their income for this purpose. It is far better to encourage charity than to rob of wealth.
An additional solution for Christians who are interested in this kind of possibility is Medi-Share. It is not insurance, but it enables Christians to share their medical bills with other Christians. It's benefits have limits up to $1M per year and $5M per lifetime. This would certainly meet the needs of many unfortunate unhealthy.
Next time, I will address solutions to the other 5 suggested problems.